Towards a cellulose-based society: Opportunities and challenges
Publication Name: Cellulose
Publication URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10570-021-03771-4
The current materials predominately come from fossil feedstocks and minerals. The pressures from climate change and plastic pollution challenge us to develop a bioeconomy, replacing petroleum-based products with bio-based and biodegradable products. Cellulose emerges as a versatile biopolymer to make hydrogels for absorbents, aerogels for insulation, membranes for filters, films for packaging, and fibers for textiles and reinforcements. Wood-based cellulose is increasingly perceived by relevant stakeholders to be renewable, biodegradable, and sustainable. Can the properties of cellulose-based materials compete with conventional synthetic materials? Knowledge and discoveries concerning cellulose properties and applications are scattered throughout the scientific literature base. This paper surveys the mechanical properties of cellulose-based materials in the literature using tensile properties as indicators and visualizes the data compared with other competitive materials. The goal is to provide insights into the potential and challenges of using cellulose-based products to replace synthetic materials for a sustainable society.