Effects of ligno- and delignified- cellulose nanofibrils on the performance of cement-based materials
Publication Name: Journal of Materials Research and Technology
Publication URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2238785421004348
This article presents an investigation into the effects of lignocellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) and delignified cellulose nanofibrils (DCNF) on the hydration, microstructure, and mechanical properties of cement paste. The effects of various fine contents and dosages of the cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) additions on the properties of cement paste are presented in this article. Nearly all the CNF containing batches were observed to have an accelerated cement hydration reaction within the first 30 h. However, after 80 h of hydration, the CNF additions no longer exhibited any significant effect on the degree of hydration. The cement paste batches with LCNF were observed to have improved workability compared to those with DCNF. It was further observed that the compressive and flexural strengths of the cement paste can be increased up to 20% and 111%, respectively, by the addition of CNF. Both LCNF and DCNF were found to reduce the amounts of ettringite and portlandite in the hydrated cement paste. The ideal fine content of CNF to achieve both microstructural and mechanical performance enhancement was observed to be around 75%. The experimental findings presented in this article indicate that LCNFs with low fine content (6075%) would be a more desirable and potentially more economical additive for concrete production compared to the DCNFs with high fine contents.