Design and Manufacture of Precast Concrete Formworks Using Polymer Extrusion-Based Large-Scale Additive Manufacturing and Postprocessing
Publication Name: ASTM
Publication URL: https://www.astm.org/stp164420210120.html
Large-scale thermoplastic polymer extrusion-based additive manufacturing (AM) has been used to fabricate precast concrete formworks. There are some limitations inherent to the large-scale AM process that need to be overcome to design complex, multipart additively manufactured formworks to be used for precast concrete. This research work uses a large-scale polymer composite AM process to manufacture two-part formworks. Postprocessing was used to repair imperfections, create smooth casting surfaces, achieve precise dimensional tolerance, and incorporate assembly mechanisms for multipart formwork. Two biodegradable polymer composites (wood-fiber polylactic acid and wood-fiber amorphous polylactic acid) and a conventional polymer composite (carbon fiber acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) were selected to manufacture four sets of two-part formwork. Design details, including the cellular infill pattern, continuous toolpath, and layer time selection, are presented. Postprocessing and repairs performed on the manufactured formworks to get the required dimensional tolerance and surface smoothness are discussed.