ARPA-E Research Projects


Aerodynamic Turbines Lighter and Afloat with Nautical Technologies and Integrated Servo-control

NASA Floater

The NASA Floater is a University of Maine-led, patented project within the ARPA-E ATLANTIS program which is developing an ultra-lightweight, corrosion-resistant, concrete floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT), equipped with NASA motion mit- igation systems originally developed to reduce vibrations in rockets. By applying this NASA-developed technology in conjunction with Control Co-Design-based opti- mization methodologies the NASA Floater seeks to counteract typical design-driving FOWT motions, leading to lighter platforms, increased turbine performance, and a lower Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE).


  • Large-scale 15MW wind turbine generator (WTG)
  • NASA-developed motion mitigation technology
  • Concrete hull built using industrialized production methods
  • Significant cost savings by enabling smaller and easier-to-construct floating foundations.


Program Objectives

  • LCOE of 5.4c/kW-hr
  • Initial FEED design and cost-estimate
  • 1:70 scale model test – check design performance and numerical models
  • Successful third-party design review by the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)
  • Reach TRL 4


The Floating Offshore Wind and Controls Advanced Laboratory (FOCAL) Experimental Program

The validation of new, optimized designs for floating offshore wind. The FOCAL experimental program will generate critical public data sets to advance the design of next-generation floating offshore wind turbines.


Open Jet-Wind Tunnel

  • Wind Shear
  • Turbulence

Next-Gen Hull

  • Hull Flexibility
  • Tuned Damping
  • Active dynamics controls


  • Active blade controls
  • Individual blade pitch
  • Real-time data

ARPA-E Research Projects

The Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) invests in the research and development of cutting-edge, high-impact projects. ARPA-E awardees are working to develop brand new technologies to create, store and utilize energy. ARPA-E is funding two ASCC projects through their ATLANTIS program.


Diverse, domestic energy resources can boost grid resiliency and reduce infrastructure vulnerabilities.


Increased availability of affordable, reliable wind energy could lessen reliance on fossil fuels, reducing power sector emissions.


Program developments in FOWTs could reduce the cost of wind energy production and provide an entirely new option for the offshore wind industry, as well as access to significant wind resources near major population centers on U.S. coastlines.

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