Mechano-Sorptive Properties of Red Spruce (Picea Rubens, Sarg.) in Compression Parallel to Grain
Publication Name: Interaction of Wood with Various Forms of Energy
Publication URL: https://wfs.swst.org/index.php/wfs/article/view/613
In this study, an expanded comprehensive numerical approach to predict hygromechanical behavior of beams is proposed that rigorously couples spatially varying time-dependent moisture content fluctuation with uniaxial stress-strain relations. The constitutive model, consisting of elastic, viscoelastic, and two mechanosorptive strain elements connected in series, was used in a layered moment-curvature flexural analysis. The procedure is numerical and is able to take into account effect of moisture content changes, different mechanosorptive behavior in tension and compression, and cross-sectional hygroexpansion. The overall trend and magnitude of predicted deflections are in good agreement with experimental results. Results demonstrated that complex beam behavior in a varying environment can be predicted by a simple model with well-defined material characteristics generated through relatively simple 18-h uniaxial experiments.