Mechanically fastened hybrid composite strips for flexural strengthening of concrete beams
Publication Name: Construction and Building Materials
Publication URL: https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S0950061814012781?token=B1B25121E02F9DC4BAD1371C28C051AEA02B7C2E05114338553B67021BB33BFE2E0ACFF71C7731B0075C8909A0DAA608&originRegion=us-east-1&originCreation=20211212023814
While externally bonded fiber-reinforced polymer reinforcing has become an accepted technology for the flexural strengthening of reinforced concrete members, less information is available on flexural strengthening using mechanically fastened FRP (MF-FRP). This study presents the development of a vacuum-infused, hybrid glassÐcarbon MF-FRP system for the flexural strengthening of reinforced concrete beams. Two different FRP fabric architectures were considered to assess the impact of fiber orientation on behavior. The resistance of the MF-FRP composite strips to freezeÐthaw cycling and saltwater submersion was assessed with single-fastener tensionÐbearing testing. Test results indicate that the MF-FRP system should display adequate residual capacity in typical cold-climate bridge applications. The flexural strengthening capabilities of MF-FRP composite strips were evaluated using four-point bending tests of MF-FRP-strengthened, steel-reinforced concrete beams and non-strengthened beams. The flexural test results for two glassÐcarbon MF-FRP reinforcing systems show an average increase in ultimate capacity of nearly 50% with good ductility. Flexural fatigue testing was conducted on four MF-FRP reinforced specimens. The cyclic flexural test results indicate that the strength gains that can be realized with the MF-FRP systems used here may be limited by fatigue performance, and that fatigue is an area that warrants further study.