Mechanical properties of cellulose nanofibril-filled polypropylene composites
Yang, H. S.
Publication Name: Wood and Fiber Science
Publication URL: https://wfs.swst.org/index.php/wfs/article/view/564
Cellulose nanofiber (CNF), microfibrillated cellulose (MFC), and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) filled-polypropylene (PP) composite samples were manufactured using a melt mixing technique. Mechanical testing was conducted to investigate tensile and flexural properties of the composites at different filler loading levels. Test results showed that in the case of cellulose nanofibril fillers, the composites sustained considerable tensile strength up to 10% (w/w) filler loading whereas the tensile strength of the MCC-filled composites decreased continuously. Moreover, tensile modulus increased as filler loading increased for all cellulose fillers. CNF and MCC-filled composites demonstrate plastic deformation and longer elongation at break than MFC-filled composites while MFC-filled composites exhibited a quasi-brittle behavior under tensile deformation. Flexural strength of cellulose nanofibril-filled composites decreased slightly as a function of filler loading up to 6% (w/w) and increased beyond 6% (w/w). The 10% (w/w) cellulose nanofibril-filled composite samples exhibited sustained flexural strength as compared with neat PP. The trend of increased flexural modulus of elasticity behavior was identical to the tensile modulus of elasticity behavior.