Biological systems and materials: a review of the field of biomechanics and the role of the society for experimental mechanics (3)
Publication Name: Experimental Techniques
Publication URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1111/j.1747-1567.2006.00023.x
The field of biological materials and systems is extensive, representing an interdisciplinary topic encompassing mechanics, materials science, and the breadth of engineering disciplines in conjunction with biology and medicine. The biological world has evolved a diverse array of structures and materials that offer unique and desirable properties of significant interest to the engineering world. The local variations in material composition and the intricate hierarchical structures of organic materials result in complicated constitutive responses. Characterizing and understanding these responses impact the field of medicine and provide inspiration for new materials and new areas of study. The unique requirements associated with implants provide opportunities to develop new materials and structures, and employ existing materials to new problems. The membership of the SEM, through the Biological Materials and Systems TD, has embraced the opportunity to take on a central role in developing this new field as evidenced by the many publications referenced here, bringing a strong background of classical mechanics to the investigation of organic materials, the study of implant materials, and the development of new materials and structures based on inspiration from the natural world.