An In situ microtomography study of split cylinder fracture in cement-based materials
Publication Name: Experimental Mechanics
Publication URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11340-014-9875-1
In an effort to quantify microstructure-property relationships, three dimensional imaging experiments were conducted on small cylinder specimens subjected to split cylinder fracture. 3-D images were made using synchrotron-based x-ray microtomography, and the experiments were conducted with an in-situ frame such that a specimen could be examined while under load at varying degrees of damage. The specimens were made of fine-grained portland cement mortar and 0.5 mm glass beads, which served as aggregates. The diameter of the specimens was 5 mm. 3-D image analysis routines were developed or adapted to characterize microstructure and internal damage, which could then be related to bulk splitting strength and fracture energy. For fracture energy calculation, crack surface area could be measured in a way that accounted for roughness, branching, and fragmentation. Results showed that, for the specimens tested, aggregate surface roughness had little effect on strength but significant effect on fracture energy. Split cylinder strength showed correlation with specimen porosity, although there was considerable scatter. Strength did not correlate with maximum flaw size, although flaw location was not evaluated.