A Note on Reinforcement of Polymer Matrix Composites Using Carbon Residues Derived From Woody Biomass
The mechanical properties of phenolic resin reinforced with three different carbon materials were investigated experimentally. The carbon materials: (1) commercially produced carbon nanotubes (CNTs), (2) flash-heated lignocellulose containing CNTs and carbon-black, and (3) cyclically oxidized lignocellulose (Goodell, B. et al. (2008). Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8: 2472–2474) were added to phenolic resin in different weight percentages to fabricate composites. Carbon nanotubes were found to be an effective reinforcing filler increasing tensile strength by 45.34% and Young’s modulus by 19.08% with a 2% loading. The flash-heated material increased Young’s modulus by 11.04% with a 2% loading but did not affect tensile strength. The cyclically heated material did not contain CNTs, their inclusion in the composites reduced Young’s modulus and, for the 1% loading, reduced tensile strength as well.
Pries, M., Militz, H., Goodell, B., Xie, X., Qian, Y., Peterson, M., & Lopez-Anido, R. (2010). A Note on Reinforcement of Polymer Matrix Composites Using Carbon Residues Derived From Woody Biomass. Journal of Composite Materials.